Leather Type

Depending on the manufacturing methods used, we distinguish between various types of leather. Napa leather is the smooth, upper layer of the skin and can be manufactured as “pure-aniline” without pigment, as “semi- aniline” with a weak pigmentation or as pigmented leather with a protective lacquer. 

Nubuck is leather whose surface has been buffed to create a fine, roughened structure. Suede is widely-used leather used in the apparel industry, which is made from thinner skins, e.g. goatskin, with the reverse side out. We frequently also refer to this as buckskin, as suede has a comparable surface to that of deer and other similar wild animals. It is primarily thinner smooth leathers that are used in the apparel sector.

I. Smooth leather:
• Napa leather: 
Full-grain (unpolished), usually chrome-tanned smooth leather with final pigment coating.
• Distressed leather: 
Using various refined processes, distressed leather has been given the appearance of old leather. It is usually a two-tone with various nuances.
• Aniline leather: 
Leather dyed throughout in a pit or using another method without final pigment coating.
• Semi-aniline: 
Leather, dyed using small quantities of pigment dyes. Here, the natural graining is not disguised.

 

II. Rough leather 
• Buckskin: 
Rough leather made from real buck pelts, e.g. used in traditional costumes. 
• Suede: 
Full leather, with a velvety finish to the reverse side, or split leather with the same effect.
• Nubuck:
A firm cowhide or calfskin with a velvety surface, usually slightly buffed on the grain side. 

II. Buffalo leather: Leather from buffalo skins, generally slightly buffed on the grain side.

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